If you are unsure what referencing style you are required to use, check your introductory course materials. Whenever an assignment uses words, facts, ideas, theories, or interpretations from other sources, those sources must be referenced.
It is similar to MLA stylebut has some differences. Have a study or assignment writing question? Fortunately, plagiarism is easy to avoid by following a few basic principles.
Harvard referencing involves a short author-date reference, e. Some disciplines have developed their own style. Many students find referencing quite intimidating at first. Inline citations allow readers to quickly determine the strength of a source based on, for example, the court a case was decided in and the year it was decided.
Individual publishers often have their own in-house variations as well, and some works are so long-established as to have their own citation methods too: At Massey University Massey University uses a range of different referencing styles.
If you are uncertain whether to reference something or not, it is better to reference it. There are many reasons why it is important to reference sources correctly: If a style is not specifically mentioned, ask your course coordinator. The new global context.
The styles differ in format. All the most common styles list every source used in a document at the end, in a reference list or bibliography. Pearson Addison Wesley, A User-Centered Design Approach. This style uses a number to represent each source, and lists the sources in the reference list in the order they were used.
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Oxford style, for example, uses footnotes instead of in-text citations, and a bibliography instead of a reference list. It is the most common referencing style used at Massey University.
Used by genealogists and historians. Columbia Style offers models for both the humanities and the sciences. MLA style was developed by the Modern Language Association and is most often used in the arts and the humanitiesparticularly in English studiesother literary studiesincluding comparative literature and literary criticism in languages other than English " foreign languages "and some interdisciplinary studies, such as cultural studiesdrama and theatrefilmand other mediaincluding television.Style guides for APA, Harvard, Note and Vancouver, provided by the Writing Centre.
EndNote A guide to using Endnote software, which allows you to store and manage references. Massey University uses a range of different referencing styles.
APA style is the most common referencing style, but different schools, departments, and lecturers may have their own requirements. Get feedback on your draft assignment at Academic Writing and Learning Support.
On the other hand, there are other referencing styles that are just as popular within psychological research and academic writing, such as that of Harvard referencing style, which is particular popular in the UK and in UK universities (Martin, ).
Referencing is a formal system of indicating when an author's words or ideas have been used in academic writing, to properly credit them and avoid plagiarism.
When writing an essay, report, dissertation or other piece of academic work the key to referencing is organisation, keep notes of the books and journal articles you have read, the websites you have visited as part of your research process.
A referencing style of writing is a specific format for presenting your in-text references (footnotes or endnotes), and bibliography.
In other words Referencing styles are well established systems of referencing with consistent rules.Download