Alongside this, a variety of low-uptake qualifications and qualifications with significant overlap will cease, with their content being removed from the GCSE options, or incorporated into similar qualifications.
Introduction of the GCSE[ edit ] GCSEs were introduced in  to establish a national qualification for those who decided to leave school at 16, without pursuing further academic study towards qualifications such as A-Levels or university degrees. From the first assessment series incontrolled assessment replaced coursework in various subjects, requiring more rigorous exam-like conditions for much of the non-examination assessed work, and reducing the opportunity for outside help in coursework.
Beforethe grading scheme varied between examination boards, but typically there were "pass" grades of 1 Notes on grade 11 coursework 6 and "fail" grades of 7 to 9.
However, some qualifications from the English boards are available as designated qualifications in some circumstances, due to not being available from WJEC. The new qualifications are designed such that most exams will be taken at the end of a full 2-year course, with no interim modular assessment, coursework, or controlled assessment, except where necessary such as in the arts.
Changes since initial introduction[ edit ] Over time, the range of subjects offered, the format of the examinations, the regulations, the content, and the grading of GCSE examinations has altered considerably.
These were a precursor to the later reforms.
Some subjects will retain coursework on a non-assessed basis, with the completion of certain experiments in science subjects being assumed in examinations, and teacher reporting of spoken language participation for English GCSEs as a separate report.
They replaced the former CSE and O-Level qualifications, uniting the two qualifications to allow access to the full range of grades for more students. The following lists are sourced from the exam board websites. The highest grade, 1, was considered equivalent to an O-Level C grade or above, and achievement of this grade often indicated that the student could have taken an O-Level course in the subject to achieve a higher qualification.
Other removed qualifications include a variety of design technology subjects, which are reformed into a single "design and technology" subject with multiple options, and various catering and nutrition qualifications, which are folded into "food technology".
In addition, there are several subjects where only one board offers qualifications, including some that are only available in one country of the UK for that reason.
Other subjects, especially religious studies, computer science, or physical education, may be compulsory in some schools as these subjects form part of the National Curriculum at Key Stage 4. Finally, several "umbrella" GCSEs such as "humanities", "performing arts", and "expressive arts" are dissolved, with those wishing to study those subjects needing to take separate qualifications in the incorporated subjects.
This remained the highest grade available until The exact qualifications taken by students vary from school to school and student to student, but schools are encouraged to offer at least one pathway that leads to qualification for the English Baccalaureaterequiring GCSEs in English language, English literature, mathematics, 2 science GCSEs, a modern or ancient language, and either history or geography.
However the exam papers sometimes had a choice of questions designed for the more able and the less able candidates. GCSE examinations in English and mathematics were reformed with the syllabus publications, with these first examinations taking places in CCEA qualifications are not available in England.
As the two were independent qualifications with separate syllabi, a separate course of study would have to be taken to "convert" a CSE to an O-Level in order to progress to A-Level.
Subjects[ edit ] The list of currently available GCSE subjects is much shorter than before the reforms, as the new qualifications in England all have core requirements set by the regulator, Ofqual, for each subject.View Notes - Grade 11 Photosynthesis Note from BIO BLG at Ryerson University.
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