Rivkin, Julie and Ryan, Michael. In Postmodernism, however, there are only surfaces, no depths. Eagleton is known both as a Marxist theorist and as a popularizer of theory by means of his widely read overview, Literary Theory.
Postmodern literature can be considered as an umbrella term for the post-war developments in literature such as Theatre of the AbsurdBeat Generation and Magical Realism.
Though both Modernism and Postmodernism employ fragmentationdiscontinuity and decentredness in theme and technique, the basic dissimilarity between the two schools is hidden in this very aspect.
It is generally agreed that the postmodern shift in perception began sometime back in the late s, and is probably Literary theory and criticism investigating literature continuing. In this respect, "Postcolonial Criticism" is activist and adversarial in its basic aims.
Horkheimer, Max and Adorno, Theodor. In its period of ascendancy during the s, "New Historicism" drew criticism from the political left for its depiction of counter-cultural expression as always co-opted by the dominant discourses. Like historical criticism, sociological criticism examines literature in the cultural, economic, and political context in which it is written or received.
In other words, India makes itself believe the falsehood that it is a democratic, secular country. The History of Sexuality.
In short, metanarratives create and propagate grand but untrue conceptions of a society and culture. Postmodernism understands that grand narratives hide, silence and negate contradictions, instabilities and differences inherent in any social system.
Democracy and secularism are thus metanarratives. Beginning with Plato and Aristotle, this book provides an overview of the Middle Ages, the Renaissance, and the Enlightenment, before tracing the birth of literary criticism as a profession in the nineteenth century and outlining the major movements it gave rise to in the twentieth and twenty-first.
The Souls of Black Folk: The work of the Formalists had a general impact on later developments in "Structuralism" and other theories of narrative. Fredric Jameson has related Modernism and Postmodernism to the second and third phases of capitalism.
The Genealogy of Morals. Structuralism and Poststructuralism Like the "New Criticism," "Structuralism" sought to bring to literary studies a set of objective criteria for analysis and a new intellectual rigor.
Wimsatt placed a similar focus on the metaphysical poets and poetry in general, a genre well suited to New Critical practice.
There are many types of literary theory, which take different approaches to texts. A central concept in mythological criticism is the archetype, a symbol, character, situation, or image that evokes a deep universal response.
It laments the loss of the unity and centre of life and suggests that works of art can provide the unity, coherence, continuity and meaning that is lost in modern life. In the academic world of the United Kingdom and the United States, literary theory was at its most popular from the late s when its influence was beginning to spread outward from elite universities like Johns HopkinsYaleand Cornell through the s by which time it was taught nearly everywhere in some form.
First of all it is necessary for us to know the definition of literary theory, and literary criticism. Literary and Cultural Theory 1.
During this span of time, literary theory was perceived as academically cutting-edge, and most university literature departments sought to teach and study theory and incorporate it into their curricula.
An introductory chapter provides an overview of some of the major issues within literary theory and criticism; further chapters survey theory and criticism in antiquity, the Middle Ages and Renaissance, the Enlightenment, and the nineteenth century. Essays on Women, Literature, and Theory. These causes converged with early literary feminist practice, characterized by Elaine Showalter as "gynocriticism," which emphasized the study and canonical inclusion of works by female authors as well as the depiction of women in male-authored canonical texts.
For example, India tells itself that it is a democratic and secular country, though there are numerous anti-democratic, anti-secular factions and practices in India. Though the two fields are increasingly finding points of intersection—the work of bell hooks, for example—and are both activist intellectual enterprises, "Ethnic Studies and "Postcolonial Criticism" have significant differences in their history and ideas.
Also, Postmodernism fosters a deep cynicism about the one sustaining force of social life—culture. To "queer" becomes an act by which stable boundaries of sexual identity are transgressed, reversed, mimicked, or otherwise critiqued.
It is continually becoming powerless, while the powerless periphery continually tries to acquire power. Some critics consider literary criticism a practical application of literary theory, because criticism always deals directly with particular literary works, while theory may be more general or abstract.
Potmodernism, however, goes to the other extreme. It considers fragmentation and decentredness as the only possible way of existence, and does not try to escape from these conditions.Literary Theory "Literary theory" is the body of ideas and methods we use in the practical reading of literature.
By literary theory we refer not to the meaning of a work of literature but to the theories that reveal what literature can mean. Literary theory in a strict sense is the systematic study of the nature of literature and of the methods for analyzing literature.
However, literary scholarship since the 19th century often includes—in addition to, or even instead of literary theory in the strict sense—considerations of intellectual history, moral philosophy, social prophecy, and other interdisciplinary themes which are of.
Nevertheless, the distinctions between literary theory, criticism, and history are the most important Literary theory is the study of the principles of literature, its categories, criteria, and the like. Gender criticism: This type of criticism examines how sexual identity influences the creation and reception of literary works.
Gender studies originated during the feminist movement, when critics began investigating the unexamined assumptions around gender in a piece of literature. Today, literary theory is practiced by a vast majority of college literature professors, research scholars, and students throughout English, literature, and humanities departments in North America and Europe.
This interpretive shift, new in the history of literary criticism - that we just want to say, 'Eh, I don't care about the author' - basically paves the way for the development of modern theory in.Download