Christianity church essay history orthodox

While the Church continues officially to call itself "Catholic", for reasons of universality, the common title of "Eastern Orthodox Church" avoids casual confusion with the Roman Catholic Church.

Outline of Christianity

It started to develop a formal theology, a set of doctrines, and an unofficial canon of writings some of which were later to become the Christian Scriptures.

According to the Melkite patriarchs, who served as both civil and religious rulers of the Eastern Roman Empire, Egyptian Copts were heretics because they rejected the agreement of Chalcedon.

Coptic Christian Church Essay

Despite the persecution, the church flourished. They were viewed as irresponsible citizens because many refused to sacrifice in the Pagan temples.

Orthodox Christian Churches

As Eastern monasticism developed, it included both communal and solitary religious life and emphasized physical austerity. Scholars recognize a variety of significant institutional, theological, and cultural markers in the development of Orthodoxy: There were two patriarchs at that time, the Eastern Orthodox pope and patriarch of Alexandria and the Coptic pope and patriarch of Alexandria.

Settlements arose in the eastern and western deserts, and communal living became the norm for monks who spent the week alone in their cells or caves and joined together on Saturday and Sunday for prayers, teaching, and service.

Beginning as a scientific and literary institution, the library evolved into a university for philosophy and theology. Didymus the Blind lost sight at age four but mastered grammar, rhetoric, philosophy, music, poetry, mathematics, and memorized the testaments.

The Apostolic Fathers had replaced the original apostles by this time. These scholars made the Catechetical School a center of Christian learning and a magnet for scholars from around the world.

While the Eastern Orthodox and Oriental churches are not yet in full communion they, like the Eastern Catholic churches—those who are in communion with Rome but who follow Eastern traditions of worship—share very similar theology and practices.

The Orthodox Faith

When an anchorite attains a higher level of holiness, he attracts many disciples in the second stage, and security becomes a concern. Coptic Christianity is the form that arose in Egypt in the first century c. It is a continuity that exists only inasmuch as it lives within Christians themselves.

While bishops and their autocephalous synods have the ability to administer guidance in individual cases, their actions do not usually set precedents that affect the entire Eastern Orthodox Church.

Just as Christ is indivisible, so are union with Him and faith in him, whereby the church is "universal", unseparated, and comprehensive, including all who share that faith.

Eastern Orthodox Church

Founded by Pachomius, a former soldier, this form included strict military discipline, regulating every hour of every day and imposing punishment for default. Monasticism flourished even after the Edict of Milan ended the Roman persecution of Christians.

The religious authority for Eastern Orthodoxy is not a Patriarch or the Pope as in Roman Catholicism, nor the Bible as in Protestantismbut the scriptures as interpreted by the seven ecumenical councils of the Church.Today, the Eastern Orthodox churches constitute a family of related churches, including the Greek, Russian, Bulgaria, Romanian, and Syrian churches, each.

Christianity A brief overview of the Orthodox Church's early history. Sponsored link. The origins of the Orthodox Church can be traced back continuously to the earliest Christian movement. The Eastern Orthodox Church, officially the Orthodox Catholic Church, is the second-largest Christian church, with over million members.

[4] [5] One of the oldest religious institutions in the world, it has played a prominent role in the history and culture of Eastern and Southeastern Europe, the Caucasus, and the Near East.

[6]. Coptic Christian Church Essay The Coptic period covers most of the first six centuries of the Common Era. Copt derives from the Greek word Aegyptus, in turn derived from Hikaptah, or.

Essay on History and the Roman Catholic Church - Christianity most specifically, the Holy Roman Catholic Church has been involved in the world throughout time.

Timeline of the Roman Catholic Church – As the oldest branch of Christianity, along with Eastern Orthodoxy, the history of the Catholic Church plays an integral part of the History of Christianity as a whole.

Eastern Orthodoxy

This article covers a period of just under 2, years.

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Christianity church essay history orthodox
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